Biotinylated poly(D,L-lactide) (PDLLA-Biotin, PDLLA-Bio, Bio-PDLLA) can be used to prepare nanoparticles. Biotinylate-PDLLA can be used to prepare targeted nanoparticles that can specifically bind to avidin or streptavidin.
Polylactides are a family of biodegradable and bioactive thermoplastic aliphatic polyester. It is used to fabricate resorbable medical devices that degrade over months in physiological conditions. Due to their history, polylactides are one of the easiest and most affordable biodegradable polymers for medical devices. PDLLA polymer is amorphous because the polymer composed randomly by the repeating units from L-lactic acid and D-lactic acid. Therefore, the polymer did not show melting point and has inferior mechanical properties than PLLA, so that the polymer is mainly applied for the coating of suture.